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ALL GOD'S CHILLUN GOT WINGS: HOW THE NAACP YOUTH COUNCIL DESEGREGATED THE LUNCH COUNTERS OF PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, 1960 TO 1962

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Date Issued:
2015
Summary:
Approximately 50 years ago, Blacks were refused the right to sit down and receive service at lunch counters in most variety stores, drug stores, department stores, and restaurants in the South (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People [NAACP], 1962). On February 1, 1960, four young Black men of North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University (NC A&T) defied this prejudiced system by sitting down at an all-White Woolworth lunch counter and demanding to be served (Dykeman & Stokely, 1960). The press reported the incident, which immediately empowered other young students across the country to take a stand by sitting-down (Dienstfrey, 1960). Within just two months, sit-ins spread to over 60 Southern cities ("Dixie Negroes," 1960). Although Pensacola, Florida, became involved in the national sit-in movement just months after the Greensboro Four's demonstration ("Klansmen Want Sheriff," 1960), little of this history was known since most of the lived experiences remained undocumented prior to this study. This study addressed the role of the NAACP Youth Council's (YC) civil rights protests on desegregating the lunch counters of Pensacola, Florida. By implementing Busha and Harter's (1980) methods of historical inquiry, data were collected through archival research, site-based research, and interviews. Data were then analyzed and triangulated. While archival sources were organized to provide a chronological framework for the study, site-based data provided a geographical framework for the study. Interviews then provided personal first-hand emotions and experiences of individuals in the social and political setting. The results of this study are a detailed account of how protests were organized, sustained, and implemented in Pensacola.
Title: ALL GOD'S CHILLUN GOT WINGS: HOW THE NAACP YOUTH COUNCIL DESEGREGATED THE LUNCH COUNTERS OF PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, 1960 TO 1962.
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Name(s): Jonas, Sarah Zahra, Author
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: University of West Florida
Language(s): English
Summary: Approximately 50 years ago, Blacks were refused the right to sit down and receive service at lunch counters in most variety stores, drug stores, department stores, and restaurants in the South (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People [NAACP], 1962). On February 1, 1960, four young Black men of North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University (NC A&T) defied this prejudiced system by sitting down at an all-White Woolworth lunch counter and demanding to be served (Dykeman & Stokely, 1960). The press reported the incident, which immediately empowered other young students across the country to take a stand by sitting-down (Dienstfrey, 1960). Within just two months, sit-ins spread to over 60 Southern cities ("Dixie Negroes," 1960). Although Pensacola, Florida, became involved in the national sit-in movement just months after the Greensboro Four's demonstration ("Klansmen Want Sheriff," 1960), little of this history was known since most of the lived experiences remained undocumented prior to this study. This study addressed the role of the NAACP Youth Council's (YC) civil rights protests on desegregating the lunch counters of Pensacola, Florida. By implementing Busha and Harter's (1980) methods of historical inquiry, data were collected through archival research, site-based research, and interviews. Data were then analyzed and triangulated. While archival sources were organized to provide a chronological framework for the study, site-based data provided a geographical framework for the study. Interviews then provided personal first-hand emotions and experiences of individuals in the social and political setting. The results of this study are a detailed account of how protests were organized, sustained, and implemented in Pensacola.
Identifier: WFE0000483 (IID), uwf:61117 (fedora)
Note(s): 2015-06-01
Ed.D.
Department of Research and Advanced Studies
Doctorate
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/uwf/fd/WFE0000483
Restrictions on Access: public
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC-EDU/1.0/
Host Institution: UWF

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