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WORK-LIFE BALANCE PSYCHOLOGICAL CAPITAL: A CONSTRUCT VALIDATION STUDY

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Date Issued:
2015
Abstract/Description:
Work-family balance is an increasingly important topic in light of rising employee expectations. The current study combined work-family and positive psychology research to uncover the nomological network of Work-Life Balance Psychological Capital (WLB PsyCap), a positive psychological resource that includes self-efficacy, hope, optimism, and resilience to increases one's ability to balance multiple life roles. One hundred sixty-three working students participated in the online survey. Additionally, I gathered performance data from two sources, the participant (self-report) and university (grade point average). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure of WLB PsyCap (i.e., hope, optimism, resilience, and selfefficacy). WLB PsyCap was positively related to work-family-school balance, work-family and family-work enrichment, positive affect, life satisfaction, happiness, and core self-evaluation. WLB PsyCap was negatively related to work-family and family-work conflict and stress. Overall, WLB PsyCap was significantly related to expected performance review rating, but unrelated to grade point average. Limitations include the student sample, correlational research design, and data analysis. Directions for future research include addressing the validity of WLB PsyCap and its incremental validity beyond traditional work-family constructs. In an applied setting, WLB PsyCap training is a practical solution to promote a positive work-family culture and increase employee's work-life balance.
Title: WORK-LIFE BALANCE PSYCHOLOGICAL CAPITAL: A CONSTRUCT VALIDATION STUDY.
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Name(s): O'Neill, Sadie Kaye, Author
Morganson, Valerie J., Committee Chair
Halonen, Jane S., Committee Member
University of West Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: University of West Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Work-family balance is an increasingly important topic in light of rising employee expectations. The current study combined work-family and positive psychology research to uncover the nomological network of Work-Life Balance Psychological Capital (WLB PsyCap), a positive psychological resource that includes self-efficacy, hope, optimism, and resilience to increases one's ability to balance multiple life roles. One hundred sixty-three working students participated in the online survey. Additionally, I gathered performance data from two sources, the participant (self-report) and university (grade point average). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure of WLB PsyCap (i.e., hope, optimism, resilience, and selfefficacy). WLB PsyCap was positively related to work-family-school balance, work-family and family-work enrichment, positive affect, life satisfaction, happiness, and core self-evaluation. WLB PsyCap was negatively related to work-family and family-work conflict and stress. Overall, WLB PsyCap was significantly related to expected performance review rating, but unrelated to grade point average. Limitations include the student sample, correlational research design, and data analysis. Directions for future research include addressing the validity of WLB PsyCap and its incremental validity beyond traditional work-family constructs. In an applied setting, WLB PsyCap training is a practical solution to promote a positive work-family culture and increase employee's work-life balance.
Identifier: WFE0000517 (IID), uwf:61252 (fedora)
Note(s): 2015-08-01
M.A.
Department of Psychology
Masters
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/uwf/fd/WFE0000517
Restrictions on Access: public
Host Institution: UWF

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